Are Infantile Spasms Normal?

How do I know if my baby has infantile spasms?

Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)Raise their arms over their head or stick their arms straight out to the side.Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain.Suddenly bend at the waist.Drop or bob their heads briefly.Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.More items….

Do infantile spasms hurt?

They may have many series of spasms per day. This type of seizure is usually only seen in young children. After a spasm, the baby may cry or laugh. The spasms do not cause pain, but the baby may cry because the quick jerking movement surprises them.

What do you do if you suspect infantile spasms?

If you suspect your baby may be having infantile spasms, talk to your pediatrician right away. Your child may need to be seen by a pediatric neurologist. If you can, try to video any episodes of your baby having a spasm and show this to your child’s doctors.

Do babies cry when they have infantile spasms?

They might cry right before or right after they have a seizure. Your baby may also seem to twitch or jerk a muscle. You might hear the doctor call this myoclonus.

Do infantile spasms show up on EEG?

Infantile spasms are a very specific type of seizure with a characteristic age of onset (a typical age when seizures start). They are nearly always accompanied by a very characteristic pattern on the electroencephalogram (EEG). This pattern is called ‘hypsarrhythmia’.

Can infantile spasms cause autism?

A new study found that nearly half of babies who suffer from infantile spasms are not accurately diagnosed for more than a month and this delay can increase the risk of intellectual disability, autism, lifelong epilepsy, and death.

Does infantile spasms go away?

They look very much like a startle. Babies also might have slowed development or loss of skills (like babbling, sitting, or crawling). Although the spasms usually go away by the time a child is 4 years old, many babies with IS will have other kinds of epilepsy later in life.

What happens if infantile spasms are left untreated?

Left untreated, infantile spasms can lead to serious outcomes, including an estimated infant mortality rate of between 5% and 6%. The most significant concern, however, is that infantile spasms are associated with autism and intellectual deficits that permanently affect quality of life.

What is the best treatment for infantile spasms?

Treatment of infantile spasms has little class I data, but adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), prednisolone and vigabatrin have the best evidence as first-line medications. Other therapies including the ketogenic diet and other anti-epileptics medications may also prove useful in the treatment of infantile spasms.

What infantile spasms look like?

What are infantile spasms? Infantile spasms, sometimes called West syndrome, are a type of seizure that occurs in babies. The spasms look like a sudden stiffening of muscles, and the baby’s arms, legs, or head may bend forward. The seizures occur in a series of short spasms, about one to two seconds in length.

Can infantile spasms go away on their own?

The sooner your little one starts treatment for infantile spasms or West syndrome, the better, because this condition can affect how their mind and body develop. In some cases, the seizures and spasms will stop on their own, but most children will need treatment.

Do infantile spasms occur daily?

In between clusters of spasms many hours without spasms can occur. Occasionally more than a day will pass without a cluster of spasms. Clusters of spasms often occur after waking from sleep, whatever time of the day. When an infant has a typical spasm, there are several movements.