How Does The Smooth ER Detoxify Drugs?

What would happen without the smooth ER?

The smooth ER has an important role in lipid and steroid synthesis, it is a storage for intracellular calcium as well.

Without ER in the skeletal muscle fibers couldn’t happen muscle contraction.

In the absence of these cellular mechanisms the cell would probably die..

Where is the rough ER located?

Rough ER lies immediately adjacent to the cell nucleus, and its membrane is continuous with the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope. The ribosomes on rough ER specialize in the synthesis of proteins that possess a signal sequence that directs them specifically to the ER for processing.

What is the smooth endoplasmic reticulum like in real life?

The Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum is considered smooth because of its smooth appearance. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is responsible for lipid synthesis. It processes a variety of metabolic processes such as drug detoxification A real life example would be a high way.

How does smooth endoplasmic reticulum detoxify?

It contains enzymes that catalyze a number of reactions ; that can make lipid-soluble drugs and metabolic wastes into water-soluble, so that these (drugs and waste) can easily be expelled out of the body .

Does smooth ER produce protein?

The endoplasmic reticulum can either be smooth or rough, and in general its function is to produce proteins for the rest of the cell to function. … Then there’s the smooth endoplasmic reticulum, which doesn’t have those ribosomes on it. And that smooth endoplasmic reticulum produces other substances needed by the cell.

What diseases does the endoplasmic reticulum cause?

There is accumulating evidence implicating prolonged ER stress in the development and progression of many diseases, including neurodegeneration, atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes, liver disease, and cancer.

What is difference between RER and SER?

The most basic difference between RER and SER is the presence of ribosomes….Difference between Smooth and Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum.Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER)Provides proteins and lipids for Golgi apparatus.Provides vesicles for cis-face of Golgi apparatus.7 more rows

How does Ser detox drugs?

In the liver, enzymes in the SER catalyze reactions that render drugs, metabolic wastes, and harmful chemicals water-soluble, thereby contributing to their detoxification, or removal, from the body.

Does the smooth ER make hormones?

Smooth E R (SER) is associated with the production and metabolism of fats and steroid hormones.

What is the function of SER and RER?

RER helps in the formation of proteins in the cell. The presence of ribosomes is actually responsible for the synthesis of the proteins by the RER….RER-Rough Endoplasmic ReticulumSER-Smooth Endoplasmic ReticulumTheir function is to synthesize proteins.Their function is to synthesize lipids.6 more rows

What does the smooth ER look like?

Rough ER looks like sheets or disks of bumpy membranes while smooth ER looks more like tubes. Rough ER is called rough because it has ribosomes attached to its surface. … Smooth ER (SER) acts as a storage organelle. It is important in the creation and storage of lipids and steroids.

What is the main function of RER?

The endoplasmic reticulum can either be smooth or rough, and in general its function is to produce proteins for the rest of the cell to function. The rough endoplasmic reticulum has on it ribosomes, which are small, round organelles whose function it is to make those proteins.

What is the function of RER Class 9?

1)It provides a pathway for distribution of nuclear material from one cell to other. 2)Certain enzymes present in SER synthesise fat,steroids,cholesterol. 3)RER help in transport of protein which are synthesised by ribosomes on their surface.

What does the smooth ER do?

The smooth endoplasmic reticulum functions in many metabolic processes. It synthesizes lipids, phospholipids as in plasma membranes, and steroids. Cells that secrete these products, such as cells of the testes, ovaries, and skin oil glands, have an excess of smooth endoplasmic reticulum.

Does the smooth ER make enzymes?

The smooth endoplasmic reticulum plays a major role in synthesizing lipids by means of enzymes embedded in these smooth membranes. … In liver cells the smooth ER contains enzymes for the detoxification of harmful drugs and metabolic by-products.