What Is A Child With Exceptionalities?

What are Exceptionalities?

The term exceptionalities in K–12 schooling refers to both disabilities and giftedness.

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ’04 (IDEA ’04), the national law that guarantees an appropriate education to students with disabilities, recognizes fourteen disability categories.

These are: Autism.

Deaf-blindness..

Is ADHD a form of autism?

Autism spectrum disorder and ADHD are related in several ways. ADHD is not on the autism spectrum, but they have some of the same symptoms. And having one of these conditions increases the chances of having the other. Experts have changed the way they think about how autism and ADHD are related.

Why is ADHD not a learning disability?

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is not a learning disability; however, it does make learning difficult. For example, it is hard to learn when you struggle to focus on what your teacher is saying or when you can’t seem to be able to sit down and pay attention to a book. You can have both.

What are the 5 categories of exceptionality?

CATEGORIES and DEFINITIONS of EXCEPTIONALITIES. Purpose of the standard. … Behaviour.Communication. • Learning Disabled. … Intellectual. • Gifted. … Physical. • Blind-Low Vision. … Multiple.

Who are considered students with exceptionalities?

Students with ExceptionalitiesIntellectual. This includes students who have superior intelligence as well as those who are slow to learn.Communicative. These students have special learning disabilities or speech or language impairments.Sensory. Sensory-grouped students have auditory or visual disabilities.Behavioral. … Physical. … Multiple.

What is the most common type of special needs?

5 Most Common Learning DisabilitiesDyslexia. Dyslexia is perhaps the best known learning disability. … ADHD. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder has affected more than 6.4 million children at some point. … Dyscalculia. Math is another major area of concern when it comes to learning disabilities. … Dysgraphia. … Processing Deficits.

How do you observe a child with special needs?

Here are eight important tips you should pass on to people who will be working with your special child.Interact. … Observe. … Use Common Sense. … Be Flexible. … Be Consistent. … Use visual, auditory or tactile cues. … Have a plan. … Be Positive.

How do you identify a child with special needs?

Identification by Parents If the teacher agrees with the parent then their discussion can lead to a formal evaluation of the child. This can make sure if he really needs special education services or not. Teachers recognize the disabilities of the child even if the parents haven’t given any input.

What are the 13 categories of exceptionality?

The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech …

What is mental retardation?

Intellectual disability (ID), once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living. People with intellectual disabilities can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly.

What is the definition of a child with special needs?

Updated . A special needs child is a youth who has been determined to require special attention and specific necessities that other children do not. The state may declare this status for the purpose of offering benefits and assistance for the child’s well-being and growth.

What are the Exceptionalities special needs?

The categories of exceptionality are: Behaviour. Communication including Autism, Deaf and Hard of Hearing, Language Impairment and Learning Disability. … Physical including Physical Disability and Blind and Low Vision.

What type of exceptionality is ADHD?

Although ADHD is not named as a specific category of exceptionality, students with ADHD may present characteristics that can be identified in the various categories such as Learning Disability or Behaviour.

Is ADHD a disability or disorder?

Under both the ADA and another law known as the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, ADHD is considered a disability in the United States, but with strict stipulations. For instance, ADHD is considered a protected disability if it is severe and interferes with a person’s ability to work or participate in the public sector.

Who has a learning disability?

Learning disabilities are common. Between 8% and 10% of children under age 18 in the U.S. may have some type of learning disability. Learning disabilities have nothing to do with how smart a person is. Rather, a person with a learning disability may just see, hear, or understand things differently.