What Is Mentally Challenged Person?

Does mental retardation get worse with age?

What mental changes occur, as adults with mental- retardation grow older.

Like the general population after age 50, people with mental retardation, who do not have Down syndrome, experience a gradual decline in overall intellectual capacity, a decrease in their speed of recall, and slower general cognitive functioning..

What is the most common cause of mental retardation?

Down’s syndrome is the most common specific cause of mental retardation, followed by the Fragile X syndrome, which mainly affects boys.

What is severe mental retardation?

Definition. Severe Mental Retardation is defined by the presence of significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning as well as significant limitations in adaptive functioning (adaptive behavior) present prior to the age of 18 years.

What do you call a mentally challenged person?

Otherwise, the terms mental disability, intellectual disability and developmental disability are acceptable. See entry on mentally retarded/mentally disabled, intellectually disabled, developmentally disabled . Midget: The term was used in the past to describe an unusually short and proportionate person.

How do you deal with a mentally challenged person?

SPEAK DIRECTLY. Use clear simple communications. … OFFER TO SHAKE HANDS WHEN INTRODUCED. … MAKE EYE CONTACT AND BE AWARE OF BODY LANGUAGE. … LISTEN ATTENTIVELY. … TREAT ADULTS AS ADULTS. … DO NOT GIVE UNSOLICITED ADVICE OR ASSISTANCE. … DO NOT BLAME THE PERSON. … QUESTIONS THE ACCURACY OF THE MEDIA STEREOTYPES OF MENTAL ILLNESS.More items…

Why are people mentally challenged?

Genetic defects that cause intellectual disability, but are not inherited, can be caused by accidents or mutations in genetic development. Examples of such accidents are development of an extra chromosome 18 (trisomy 18) and Down syndrome, which is the most common genetic cause.

How can you tell if someone is mentally disabled?

Examples of signs and symptoms include:Feeling sad or down.Confused thinking or reduced ability to concentrate.Excessive fears or worries, or extreme feelings of guilt.Extreme mood changes of highs and lows.Withdrawal from friends and activities.Significant tiredness, low energy or problems sleeping.More items…

What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?

The DSM-IV classifies mental retardation into four stages based on severity: mild (IQ score of 50-55 to approximately 70), moderate (IQ score of 30-35 to 50-55), severe (IQ score of 20-25 to 35-40), and profound (IQ score of less than 20-25).

What part of the brain causes mental retardation?

Cypin is restricted to a few regions in the brain, most notably the hippocampus, which controls learning and memory. Faulty dendrite branching there is likely to cause retardation.

What can I say instead of mental retardation?

The term “intellectual disability” is gradually replacing the term “mental retardation” nationwide.

Is mental illness a mental disability?

Mental illness is a disability when it disrupts performance and negatively influences a person’s day-to-day activities. The degree and extent that a person’s functioning is impaired is another important factor in defining mental health disability.

How do you help someone who is mentally ill?

The person I care about is in crisis.Call 1-800-273-TALK (8255) to reach a 24-hour crisis center, text MHA to 741741, call 911, or go to the nearest emergency room.Find a local MHA affiliate who can provide services.Find a therapist.Find support groups.Find a hospital.More items…